Category Archives: Read

“Science” vs. AP?!

A beautiful sky; makes me happy, like parenting.

Entering into a new phase of my parenting journey (back in the throws of babyhood), I quietly wondered whether Attachment Parenting (or, AP, for short) has relevance for me anymore. I started this blog as a space for writing about Attachment Parenting & pursuing a career. Would I want to get back to writing about working & AP’ing as a blogger? (Well… here I am, blogging about it…) Would I be practicing AP with the new wee one?

The answer to that last question is complicated.

My short answer is yes. But it’s not because it has “worked” so well with my first child. And it’s not because I believe that AP is the only or best way to parent.

Here’s the longer answer (sorry… long post alert!)…

Before T was born, MFA Dad & I had no clue what we were doing or how we were going to approach our new roles as parents. We were living away from our closest friends & family, some of whom were starting to have kids, so we really didn’t have any models close by. Our fuzzy (or non-existent) memories of our own early childhoods were not much help. Our parents had selective amnesia & seemed to suggest things were a lot easier than they ended up being for us.

And honestly, we hadn’t thought about parenting at all before I got pregnant. And even then, it took a while for our brains to catch up with all that my body was preparing for. (A law school classmate of mine who had previously been a doula, once warned me in the hallway about books that would scare or scar me… That’s when I realized that “Oh, people take this parenting shtick seriously & actually think about how they want to parent…”)

So it was with some relief that we happened across Dr. William Sears’s The Baby Book while shopping at my least favorite store in the world (Babies R Us). A lot of what Dr. Sears-the-Elder had to say just clicked with both MFA Dad & I. (Also, some of it didn’t click.) We didn’t think that our son would be messed up if we didn’t follow all of his “Baby B’s” (Dr. Sears’s short list of AP “do’s”) but in the book we had found a bunch of baby minding tactics that seemed to mesh well with our lifestyle & world views. (For example, the basic idea that wearing your baby is an easy way to integrate a child into your daily life while keeping them physically close seemed practical to us.)

In short, it was simply nice to find an approach to this overwhelming endeavor that suited us as a couple & new family.

While we are not, perhaps, the AP “poster” family, I am grateful for what I have learned because of AP. It gave me the tools & confidence to parent in a way that felt right when I was a new & inexperienced mom. Even while I was making many first-time mom mistakes.

But here’s the bottom line. I don’t think, nor have I ever thought, really, that AP is the sole owner of “good” parenting. There are also many valid criticisms of AP, as it is represented by Dr. Sears & others.

I don’t know that any of my friends or family who are parents would identify as AP. But I’d babysit their kids or have them over for a sleepover any day. Like us, they all developed their own parenting styles. They’re all great parents & their kids seem to be normal & healthy & secure (most certainly securely attached). They are all delightful kids. And we all also have our challenges with our children.

Still, it is with some wonder (& frankly, confusion) that I observe certain types of blanket criticisms of AP. For example, take the “Science vs” Attachment Parenting podcast, wherein the host challenges the unscientifically-founded scourge of attachment parenting. The host of the podcast managed to find an overzealous follower of AP’s “rules” who takes the role of “motherly sacrifice” to an extreme & then uses the poor woman as a diving board into an equally overzealous critique of AP. (I knew the critique was off base when it started with the premise that the sample mom’s home was “child-centered,” which is opposed to my own interpretation of AP… My own take being that AP is family-based in a way that posits the child is not the center of the family’s existence & if you walk into my home it may take a few seconds to realize there are children living there too.)

Look, I get it… As the podcast’s host explained, there are books & websites & blogs (ahem…) laying out what may seem like “rules” at a quick glance. Dr. Sears & others use their authority as medical professionals and/or references to “science” to convince unwitting parents that AP is unquestionably better for babies & children. The idea of “rules” or getting things “wrong” (& possibly messing up your child as a result) makes AP simultaneously attractive & overwhelming to many parents.

Let’s get this out of the way: It’s never a good idea to blindly follow anyone’s set of rules when it comes to raising your children.

Discussions around different approaches to parenting typically present stark choices with severe consequences. The choices is almost never so stark (unless one of those choices involves neglect or harm—be it physical or psychological—of the child). But if you’re a parent, you are most likely an adult who should have learned the lesson that you don’t jump just because someone (even someone in a doctor’s or lab coat) yells “jump.”

AP’s “rules” are only rules if you let them be rules. Dr. Sears doesn’t care what you do or don’t do with your child. There is no test. You don’t have to prove yourself as parent of the century.

So, while I disagree with the “Science vs.” characterization of AP, I don’t disagree with the bottom line that using “science” to prove that AP is the only way to raise a healthy child is misleading & you won’t necessarily damage your child if you don’t follow the “rules” of AP.

But here’s the thing… There simply aren’t any such rules. Many AP families use strollers. 🙋 Many AP families have cribs (though we don’t always use them…). 🙋 Dr. Sears himself has advice on bottle-feeding. Sometimes, AP parents let their children cry because they’d like some privacy in the bathroom, it’s the nightly witching hour, or they literally just can’t handle nighttime parenting at the moment.

And I’d bet (if I were the betting type) that most of us don’t “do” AP because of science. AP empowers parents (or it has the potential to, in any case) to parent intuitively. That means I don’t need someone with an MD or PhD to tell me what to do when my baby cries, when she wakes in the middle of the night, or when my older child misbehaves. Nope, I got this! I know my children better than anyone & am not concerned with “outcomes” that have been tracked by researchers or artificially created in a lab.

This premise (that there are strict “rules”) pretty much guarantees “Science vs.” will get AP wrong out of the gate. I’ve already pointed out that AP isn’t necessarily a child-centered parenting philosophy, but it also isn’t parent-centered. The podcast’s host seems to corner the poor sample mom into stating that she doesn’t let her child cry because she can’t handle it. Then she leaves it at that, which is a totally inaccurate characterization of AP. I don’t like my baby’s cries either, but that’s not why most AP parents don’t purposely let their babies cry without responding.

So, let’s look at the topics the “Science vs.” attempts to cover: crying, attachment theory, and sleep.

Babies cry. It’s how they communicate. I wouldn’t ignore my older child if he came to my bedside & whispered “Mommy, my tummy hurts.” I wouldn’t ignore my bleary-eyed husband if he asked me to pour him a cup of coffee as I pour my own. So why would I ignore my baby simply because she can’t yet use words? I want to investigate, at least. I can usually figure out what she’s asking for in her prehistoric way.

But maybe I can’t figure it out. Maybe she’s crying for a long time. Maybe I’m so sleep deprived I can’t take any more crying. Well, then, perhaps walking away is the best thing I can do for her & for me. That’s certainly better than losing my temper or harming baby in some way. But that’s not where I start.

I start from the premise that this little person is completely dependent on me & it’s my job to respond. She’s trying to tell me something important. No matter what time of day or night. No matter if I’m tired. No matter if I don’t want to (though that’s usually not the case). No matter what.

That’s why I respond when my baby cries.

Now, back to those pesky “rules.” Quite simply, there are none.

The “rules” aren’t rules. The podcast unfairly characterizes common AP practices as “rules” when they are guidelines at best. Most literature on AP that I’ve read presents these ideas as “best practices” of sorts, but by no means have I seen any proponent of AP suggest that bottle-feeding, for instance will ruin one’s attachment with one’s child. That’s preposterous & untenable. AP folks tend to be hardliners on the issue of sleep training, but other than that issue, I don’t think most advocates of AP would suggest with a straight face that there’s only one way to do this whole AP thing.

Of course, some will take things to an extreme. But I try to avoid extremes in my daily life & parenting is no different. I have criticized those AP proponents who suggest extreme views of parenting, especially when those views are aimed at women in particular & have the potential to restrict rather than liberate. If someone tells you you must do something as a parent (be it baby wearing, bed sharing, breastfeeding, etc.) pause, reflect on their motivations, and then consider your own reality.

Interestingly, while the podcast correctly separates attachment parenting from attachment theory, it doesn’t quite get that right either. To be clear, attachment parenting as described by Dr. Sears et al., has a tenuous relationship at best with attachment theory. That said, the New York Times recently reported on new discoveries in the world of attachment theory, in an article entitled “Yes, It’s Your Parents’ Fault,” no less.

Of course, it’s not all our parents’ faults. As the “Science vs.” podcast points out, our pesky genes do influence our dispositions & the ways we interact with the world & each other. But, according to the new research reported in the NY Times, it does seem that parenting matters for our future relationships & …

Luckily, as I’ve pointed out previously, “good enough” parenting will usually do the trick. But to suggest that it doesn’t matter at all (as the podcast host does) is flippant & inaccurate.

Which leads us to sleep. Ah, sleep… so elusive with young children in the house! Yet it’s the one area where most AP’ers will agree on an honest to goodness rule: Do not leave your child to cry in order to “sleep train.” Many of us would say you should consider not sleep training at all.

Unfortunately for us adults, babies’ sleep habits are different from ours. In fact, they’re rather inconvenient. They interrupt our nights and our days. Annoying.

At least, we’re culturally conditioned to think that our babies’ sleep habits are annoying or, at best, less than ideal. I’m not going to argue that adult sleep is unimportant—Parents need sleep to function… to support their children & to be living, breathing members of society, even if barely sometimes. And I’m not going to tell you how you feel. Or what degree of exhaustion you should be able to tolerate. Or that your baby’s sleep is normal. Or that you should sleep next to your baby. Or that you shouldn’t.

You’re the parent. You get to make that call. Not some random blogger. Not someone hosting a podcast.

All I’ll say here is that there are a number of sleep configurations that AP families adopt. I’ve done a little of everything, even sleep training (short of intentionally leaving a child alone to cry). (I do have lots of opinions about sleep & I’m working on a sleep-focused post.)

The “Science vs.” podcast presents an extremely simplistic overview of the issue of safe sleep & a singular vision of what healthy sleep might look like.

I understand that folks might have legitimate disagreements over safe sleep. Parents need to talk to & consult sources they trust to decides whether or not a given sleep arrangement is safe enough for them. (I say safe enough because there is no 100% guarantee no matter your sleep arrangement, unfortunately.) “Science vs.” provides some talking points, but only scratches the surface. And it presents the safe sleep question as clear-cut, when I don’t think that it’s at all simple.

For instance, the podcast appears to entirely dismiss the research of Dr. James McKenna (without explicitly naming him) because he’s not an MD. But he happens to be the only researcher to study bed sharing & infant sleep in a lab. His work appears in peer-reviewed journals (some are medical journals). And his approach to bed sharing & safe infant sleep reads to me as being very nuanced. I don’t think he should necessarily be your sole source of information, but I also don’t think his work is so easily dismissed.

As for the sleep training bit, I have to admit that I just don’t understand why critics of AP much care that we don’t sleep train at all or in the conventional ways. I found sleep training to be more trouble than it’s worth. My older son has “slept through the night” (that silly but all-important “milestone”) since around 2 1/2, more or less. He’s 8 & just had his first sleepover with friends away from home, so he can sleep independently. I share these details only to stress that sleep happens. With or without parental fussing.

My 11-month-old does not sleep through the night. She still nurses a couple-few times every night. I’m tired most mornings when I have to wake up for work. Meh. … This, too, shall pass… So for now, I try to enjoy smelling the top of her head or the touch of her soft cheek during those nighttime feedings. For me, the stress of sleep training is not worth it.

I will sleep again. You will sleep again. Soon.

Perhaps critics of AP just want to make sure parents are getting enough sleep. Maybe. But I have a suspicion that the motivations are less generous. There’s a cottage industry built on selling us bleary-eyed parents on various sleep training techniques. And because some of these techniques don’t feel right, there’s a cadre of parents who have had to convince themselves that whatever sleep training they’ve engaged in is at best innocuous. Maybe, just maybe, critics of AP resent the non-mainstream, but more palatable, approach that AP’ers take to sleep. Maybe.

My point is not to make you feel guilty if you personally have tried sleep training. My point is that there’s a strong cultural current moving in one direction & I think AP’s approach to sleep is the focus of so much criticism (as seen in the “Science vs.” podcast) precisely because it resists that current. It’s really no one’s business how you or I, individually, approach sleep.

We deserve to be able to make informed decisions without folks badgering one particular method, particularly when there is absolutely zero evidence that choosing to forgo sleep training (or choosing gentle sleep training techniques) will harm children or babies. And yet, parents are pressured constantly to “do something” about their babies’ sleep. The “Science vs.” podcast host practically begs parents to sleep train for their own sanity with no discussion of normal infant sleep patterns.

It’s just weird. I mean, it’s worth exploring whether your child’s truly deplorable sleep has an underlying medical cause, but beyond that I truly do not understand the cultural pressure to sleep train.

And I say this not as the parent of a unicorn child who slept or sleeps well. Nope. I’ve been to the depths of exhaustion & back. I’m there again. Sometimes I still touch upon that irrational anger that is the special gift of sleep deprivation. I have fitful sleep. Weird dreams.

In other words, I can sympathize with parents of “bad” sleepers. And if your baby is an normal bad sleeper, I have been there. I’ll be there again tonight.

AP is an easy target for parent trash talk, but it doesn’t have to be a caricature. For most thoughtful families who have picked up a technique or two or three from AP, it’s not a silly, old-fashioned, anti-feminist endeavor. It’s not a cult or even a club. It’s just another set of tools in the parenting toolbox.

Just because the science has not definitively shown that AP is the best way to parent doesn’t make it any less or somehow worse than other ways of parenting. It is not necessary to prove that it’s somehow awful. It’s not. Engage in in-depth critique with an open mind, but don’t dismiss out of hand for no good reason.

It is telling that almost none of the critiques that I’ve come across recently have posited another parenting philosophy as a replacement as the proven winner in the (unfortunately) endless competition between parenting styles. Because, let’s be clear, “science” hasn’t proven that other approaches to parenting are “the best” either. We may turn to science for a lot, but on parenting, the science is lacking.

I’ve recently finished reading Our Babies, Ourselves by Meredith Small. She also uses science to provide an analysis of parenting styles from biological and cultural perspectives. You can find a lot to support practices typical of AP families in the book (e.g. bed-sharing, breastfeeding, responsive parenting, etc.) but the interesting thing is that it is clear from the book that these practices are not owned by AP or any particular parenting philosophy. And Small, though she has a clear preference for these AP-type practices, accepts that every culture will place its imprint on parenting practices. She also insists that babies are adaptable little beings & that science has not determined that any one parenting style is likely to result in better adapted or happier adults. (Not that results should be a goal of parenting…)

Now that I’m doing this baby thing for the second time, I can say that I love AP because it makes life easier &, more importantly, it makes being a parent more enjoyable. And even more importantly, I do it because the little person in my care is weird & has prehistoric needs built into her DNA & she doesn’t talk & AP is the best way for me to learn her language. I don’t do it because science or even pseudoscience tells me it’s better. I don’t do it because some “professional” says it’s better.

My journey on this earth as a human has made me appreciate that we are living every day we get to be here (wherever that happens to be). That is, our hours here are not (solely) in service of some yet-to-be-attained goal. My journey as a parent has taught me to enjoy the simple things in life & to connect fiercely with my family, among others. The two together have taught me to enjoy parenting. Sure, not every moment. But, most moments. Even the moments that don’t seem enjoyable at first blush.

AP is just one tool that helps me work toward that connection & enjoyment. It’s not perfect. I’m not perfect. That’s ok. What’s not ok is the hell-bent determination with which some approach AP, on either side of the fence. We are more than our parenting philosophies.

If you’ve read this long post: Thank you! And let m know what you think. What did I get wrong? Right? What helps you enjoy being a parent?

1 Comment

Filed under Attachment Parenting, Breastfeeding, Gentle Discipline, Living, Mothering, Parenting, Read, Simplicity

Focusing on the best

“Loving”—A reminder of my son

A mere 4 1/2 years ago (oh, where does the time go?!), I shared the parenting motivation that helps to keep me on my game. That motivation comes from Scott Noelle at The Daily Groove. Noelle’s format has changed a bit since then, but he still sends out nuggets of gold a couple-few times a week. Sometimes, I’m too lazy or busy to read the emails, but thankfully my partner (MFA Dad) will forward to me the ones that are resonating with our current parenting challenges. 

This morning he sent me one called “The Power of Attraction.” In it, Noelle suggested writing a reminder on your hand of one characteristic of your child that you “really, really adore and appreciate.” I chose “loving” because my son’s big heart is so endearing. At least, it is when I stop to allow him to fully express his loving nature, including both his capacity & need for love. 

The idea of Noelle’s experiment is to think about this particular attribute often throughout the day & observe how it affects your interactions. Noelle writes:

“Psychologically, attraction means you can focus on certain things, and your mind will ‘pull’ matching thoughts and conditions into your awareness and experience. …

“Can you see how, through your intentional focus, you created (attracted) that experience?”

I enjoyed thinking about T’s loving nature throughout the day, especially as we were apart for most of it. These days I have to admit that I am often rushed with him, as the baby’s needs are so urgent & ever-present. This experiment has forced me to (re-)create some space for him, which he deserves. 

And guess what? It worked! We had a delightful & playful evening. 

I find myself wanting to do this for MFA Dad, too! And even baby M. 

Try it!

Leave a comment

Filed under Attachment Parenting, Gentle Discipline, Living, Mothering, Parenting, Partnership, Read, Simplicity, Working

Miscarriage issues in the news

The New York Times has just published a lovely visual story on miscarriage. Everything Jessica Zucker writes in the piece rings true to my own experience with pregnancy loss, from her description of the deep grief to the more mundane (“On top of losing a baby, now I have to lose weight, too.”)

I love this best:

After miscarriage, the body grieves. Depending on the length of pregnancy the body may continue to look pregnant after it’s not. Living in a no-longer-pregnant body —longing to be, looking like you are—is a complex aspect of pregnancy loss that gets lost in conversations surrounding grief.

This was definitely part of my experience. While I was not at the point where my pregnancy was outwardly obvious when I lost my pregnancies, my body already looked pregnant to me. Body image issues were confusing & confounding.

Also, be sure to find Jessica Zucker on Instagram (@ihadamiscarriage) to see other brave women share their stories of loss & infertility.

Leave a comment

Filed under Living, Miscarriage, Read

Having it all… except time for writing

20130604-105339.jpgI’m starting to understand the ebb & flow of writing & the importance of habit… I just haven’t been in the writing mood lately. I have a handful of notes & unformed ideas but I can’t seem to connect thoughts to typing out text.

That & I’ve been reading a ton.

And I’ve been riding my bike to work (which cuts out my train-commuting-writing time).

Ok. I could think up a million excuses. But the truth is I’m simply feeling uninspired & I don’t have a disciplined writing habit to help push through.

Everything I’ve been reading is related to topics I write about here, so I expect I’ll be getting some fully-formed posts in a bit. I’m working on finishing Michael Pollan’s The Omnivore’s Dilemma (which I had to return to the library mid-way through). I started reading Sheryl Sandberg’s Lean In (which is due back at the library very soon). And in the down time between, I picked up Smart Casual by Alison Pearlman (a critical book about restaurant & “foodie” culture).

Phew!

Meanwhile, I can hardly believe that MFA Dad & I just celebrated 10 years of marriage. T is about to finish his first year of preschool. I’m looking at wrapping up my current job in a couple months. I’ve acquired a couple bacteria-yeast pets (kefir grains & a kombucha SCOBY). The garden needs serious tending. Summer is here & life is full… & there are only so many hours in the day.

Thinking of life as full (& not obnoxiously busy) reminds me of one more project I’m working on: shifting my focus from less worry to more confidence & happiness. Unsurprisingly, there is a chapter in Lean In on the notion of “having it all.” It’s (in part) about how mothers beat themselves up upon discovering that, despite empty (feminist?) promises, women cannot “have it all.”

On a certain level, I don’t think Ms. Sandberg is wrong. But I’m proposing a shift (or positive spin). Instead of telling myself that I can’t have it all, my mantra is that I do have it all. Because I have all I have in this moment. If I want something else I have to either make it a goal (& work towards that goal) or I need to forget about it. Sounds cheesy (& it probably is) but it’s working for me right now. More later.

What are some of your summer projects? Or summer coping mechanisms inspiration?

Leave a comment

Filed under Blogging, Feminism, Lawyering, Living, Mothering, Parenting, Read, Simplicity, Working

Reading: Animal, Vegetable, Miracle

I recently read Barbara Kingsolver’s Animal, Vegetable, Miracle.

Spoiler alert: I don’t think you’ll want to read this book unless you’re prepared to feel a bit guilty about eating a red pepper in April.

I read it & felt a little guilty about some of my food choices. But mostly it helped me gear up for the coming spring & my expanding garden. The book also made me more aware of food choices beyond organic & non-organic. I already support my local food producers when I can, but Ms. Kingsolver’s adventure is inspirational on a whole new level.

Let me start at the beginning: The book chronicles Ms. Kingsolver’s family’s year of local, mostly home-grown eating. It covers beautifully the changing seasons & celebrates food as a family & community effort.

The book is also chock-full of practical knowledge & delicious sounding recipes. I can’t wait to get my seeds in the ground & try my hand at canning this summer.

About half-way through the book I had this realization after reading this exchange between Kingsolver & a Lebanese shop-keeper in Montreal (they’re talking about cheese-making):

“You make cheese yourself,” she repeated reverently. “You are a real housewife.”
It has taken me decades to get here, but I took that as a compliment.

This is radical homemaking.

I may (or may not) try my hand at cheese-making in the near future, but it was inspiring to read about the home adventures of a successful career woman. And to read about Ms. Kingsolver embracing of the domestic & making it work with her other commitments & ambitions is really refreshing.

She talks about her family’s involvement in the whole endeavor & her husband & oldest daughter both contributed to the book. Ms. Kingsolver’s inclusion of friends in growing, harvesting (animals & vegetables) & preserving is inspiring: The is community & we have to cultivate our community as we cultivate our gardens.

While the book is for the most part joyful, toward the end I found it got a bit too doomsday for my taste. I think the descent into ecological-disaster-thinking, while no doubt accurate, undercuts the beauty of the book. Ms. Kingsolver had me at her story of how asparagus grows (slowly & intentionally & only for a very short season); I didn’t need the reality check disaster-preparedness talk, too.

Besides which, such doomsday discussions are a bit alienating to us city-folk who want to support local food producers or grow our own but face constraints Ms. Kingsolver did not during her year-long adventure (she travelled a lot in the book but not to any US cities).

“Local” food is far more expensive in the city: My pastured eggs are $5/doz. when they’d cost $3/doz. on the farm. (I agree with Ms. Kingsolver & her husband, who contributed to the book, that we should pony up for our local farms, but for most of us, this is a careful budgetary balancing act & while I gladly pay for my eggs, there are many things I continue to get from the grocery.) Space is tighter: I have the luxury of (shared) yard space but no where near enough to grow even most of the vegetables my family consumes.

But, of course, her alarms ring true. And we have to face it.

Overall, Animal, Vegetable, Miracle is a lovely book. And I can’t wait to try out some of the book’s recipes (once the vegetables are once again in season, of course!). In some ways, though, I just wish I had stopped reading about two chapters before the end.

Leave a comment

Filed under Food, Read

Current read: Radical Homemakers

I am currently reading just read (yay! I actually got through a book cover-to-cover!!) Radical Homemakers: Reclaiming Domesticity from a Consumer Culture by Shannon Hayes.

I waited well over 3 months for my turn with this book through my library & quickly devoured it! And it almost seems like fate that I had to wait.

Three months ago, I was busily & confidently filling out applications for jobs & fellowships. As the rejections have slowly rolled in, I feel like I am keen on reevaluating where I am headed & how I can help to foster a fulfilling family & social life. Ms. Hayes has given me a lot to think about!

I found the book to be unexpectedly poignant & inspiring. I say “unexpectedly” because as a mother with a full-time out-of-the-home job I expected to be alienated by Ms. Hayes’ experience & point of view.

But the book is a well-researched & scholarly critique of the role of home & homemaker in our consumption-driven culture. It’s readability & depth remind me of Adrienne Rich’s Of Woman Born.

The first half is the more scholarly part, providing a history of homemaking & a critical reading of Betty Friedan & second- (third-?) wave feminism.

The second half of the book focuses on the experiences of several radical-homemaking households. It also provides a sort of abstract “how-to” that includes a push toward community engagement, something missing from the lives of Ms. Friedan’s housewives.

While Ms. Hayes’ message is, in some ways, a hard pill to swallow, I think her ultimate point is right on: We (women and men) need to rebuild our homes & communities by prioritizing & honoring relationships & resources.

It’s idealistic & I am under no delusions that such a reprioritization is feasible or likely for all (in fact, the relatively narrow demographic represented in the book is, I think, a valid criticism)… But her message resonates with me right now. As I contemplate what I will do next, I definitely feel like this book has made a deep impact.

For instance, as I consider my next move, I realize that I can strive for something other than long hours & golden handcuffs. Even being an attorney doesn’t have to mean disregarding family, relationships, & environment… I don’t think… I’ll find out soon. It shouldn’t, though the current structure of the profession often pushes us to forgo all of those things (family, friends, health, etc.).

Unfortunately, Ms. Hayes doesn’t really tackle the work question. She pays lip service to the pursuit of jobs that honor the four tenets of family, community, social justice & ecological sustainability, rightfully urging readers to question jobs that only serve a CEO or shareholders. But none of profiles in he book fully explore what that might look like.

For instance, a few households profiled included a partner with a full-time out-of-the-home career. But Ms. Hayes’ interviews seemed to focus only on the “at-home” partner. I know from experience that there are negotiations (spoken or unspoken) & compromises that are worth exploring there. And it’s not as if the partner with more outside commitments doesn’t have something to say about homemaking. Less, maybe, but not nil.

Of course, another problem with the book is the demographic cross-section of households represented. It seemed a very narrow cross-section.

Closest to home for me: None of the urban families had kids. It’s a difference worth thinking about because raising children in the city presents unique challenges (though it also offers great opportunities for ecologically- & socially-conscious living). Living space tends to be small (making homeschooling unattractive for some), opportunities for outdoor experiences are fewer (no “shooing” the kids outside without a second thought… sometimes not even to the backyard, if you’re lucky enough to have one…), safe neighborhoods cost more (taking a risk for cheap rent or land in a crime-prone neighborhood may have worked before we had a kid but not so much anymore).

Though I admit to having fantasies of moving to a small community someplace with rolling hills, I appreciate my urban life. There are many ecological advantages to city living. We have no plans to flee the city anytime soon.

So how can I approach radical homemaking when I am city-bound with a kid & have a full-time job?

I’m not sure. Pursuit of simplicity & less, learning more home arts, mindfulness in career choices. That’s where I’ll start. And that’s a lot. I plan to take it slow.

Just to be clear, I don’t necessarily blame Ms. Hayes for the narrow selection of participants for her study. She has certainly sparked a conversation (even among us urban families) that will hopefully bring more diversity to the movement toward more sustainable living. More than the current work-life-balance debate, Radical Homemakers has inspired me to rethink my priorities & to live life intentionally & with purpose.

Leave a comment

Filed under Attachment Parenting, Feminism, Lawyering, Living, Mothering, Parenting, Partnership, Read, Simplicity, Working

Leaning in & stepping back

Two worthwhile reads in the New York Times recently, on work-life balance: Anne-Marie Slaughter reviews Sheryl Sandberg’s Lean In & Erin Callan (former CFO at Lehman Brothers) timely chimes in on life after work.

Both women (& Ms. Sandberg) have significant experience on their side & have much to teach those of us just starting our careers.

Ms. Slaughter’s review appears to be a balanced glimpse at Ms. Sandberg’s book. She lauds Ms. Sandberg’s style & the ways in which she genuinely seeks to encourage young women to not be afraid & to be confident. But Ms. Slaughter also criticizes the book for being complicit in the corporate world’s unwillingness to change or to accommodate family life. Slaughter writes:

Young women might be much more willing to lean in if they saw better models and possibilities of fitting work and life together: ways of slowing down for a while but still staying on a long-term promotion track; of getting work done on their own time rather than according to a fixed schedule; of being affirmed daily in their roles both as parents and as professionals.

I definitely find myself identifying with Ms. Slaughter’s approach & looking desperately for ways to make this my reality. But it’s an uphill battle in the current culture & climate.

Ms. Callan’s opinion piece is very much in line with Ms. Slaughter’s review. It is a brutally (even painfully) honest evaluation of the time Ms. Callan devoted to her job & how she reacted when she was forced to just stop.

What I love about Ms. Callan’s story is that it shows that this is not just a mom’s issue. Ms. Callan does not have children, but she (like anyone) has many relationships that were affected by her total devotion to her career. Her perspective is an important one & it’s one that is often lost in the work-life balance debate. We all have lives and only so much time to live them. So it’s not just about making the workplace family friendly, it’s about making the workplace humane.

Leave a comment

Filed under Feminism, Living, Mothering, Parenting, Partnership, Read, Working